Essential grains are needed in meals for proper functioning and development of the body system.
Cereals are grasses cultivated for their edible grain components. They are important sources of nutrients that contain carbohydrates, protein, and fibre, as well as a range of micronutrients, such as vitamins B & E, manganese and zinc. Find out Five important bowls of cereal to be added to meals.
Rice is one of the most important grains in the world, and it is consumed by more than half of the world’s population. It is an excellent source of carbohydrates, it is also rich in vitamins and minerals. This cereal contains a decent amount of fibre, protein, vitamin B, iron, & manganese and so it plays a vital role in curbing malnutrition. Rice should be included in daily meals.
Oat is one of the most nutritious grains in meals. They are important sources of vitamins, minerals and fibres. They are great antioxidants and are gluten-free. Oatmeal can lower cholesterol and also stabilise blood sugar, as well as protect the heart and colon from heart disease and colon cancer respectively. They play a vital role in controlling blood pressure. Oats are a great breakfast and help control body weight.
This contains dietary fibre which is a beneficial carbohydrate. It has minerals, lots of vitamins and does not contain gluten, thereby making it safe for consumption for patients with gluten intolerance and celiac disease. Cornmeal is rich in complex carbs and essential minerals. They are also low in fat and calories.
Apart from the fact that sorghum is used in production of some food and beverages, it is rich in phenolic compounds which act as antioxidants and also linked to anti-cancer effects. Sorghum is a good source of food and a vital cereal for maintaining food security in Africa.
Wheat contains 75-80% carbohydrates, 9-18% protein, fibre and a lot of vitamins. It also contains calcium, iron and many other nutrients. Wheat grain can be converted into flour for making edible and palatable foods. Intake of wheat and its products lowers risk of stroke, obesity, diabetes and heart disease.
Cereals and cereal products are quite important in meals as they add a lot of nutritional benefits to our bodies.