Shlomo Hillel, the Baghdad-born Israeli who helped 120,000 Jews flee Iraq, dies in Israel

Shlomo Hillel in 2018. A former Israeli diplomat and minister, he had been an operative for the Haganah, helping to smuggle Jews out of Iraq. Photograph Credit - Ronen ZvulunReuters via New York Times

Hillel was just 23 when the Haganah, a paramilitary organisation in what was then British-controlled Palestine, sent him undercover to Iraq. Jews had lived there for centuries, mostly in harmony with their neighbours, but growing Arab nationalism and anti-Zionist sentiment, including a 1941 pogrom in which several hundred Jews were killed, were making their situation precarious. Read more …

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